Complete analysis of air rifles
What brands and models are available in the local market. Prices. How are the CO2, PCP and break models different? Which one to choose and why according to hunting or shooting. You need to learn these things before buying an air rifle. Be sure to check our air rifle reviews beforebuying one.
The history of compressed air weapons dates to the mid-sixteenth century, when European gunsmiths developed rifles that did not use gunpowder and were relatively silent. The homemade pre-compressed air rifles (known as PCP), used for small and large game, could fire a 12.8 mm ammunition at more than 300 m / s. Like most firearms, these evolved hand in hand with war conflicts.
The Austrians used them against Napoleon during the Tyrolean rebellion at the end of the 18th century. These repeating rifles fired .44 caliber ammunition, with an effective range of up to 130 m. However, the problems of loading, added to the instability of the deposits (sometimes exploded), made these weapons impractical for their mass production, and gunpowder rifles inexorably became the firearm of modern conflicts.
Entered the twentieth century appeared the first modern rifles spring or piston to pellets, generally used in North American fairs for target shooting. The calibers used were considerably reduced, going from weapons of .5 to .22. After the Second World War, the German gunsmiths, censured by the war restrictions imposed on their country, dedicated themselves to the design of compressed air weapons.
It was so for 1984, these rifles considered as a “toy weapon” became a tool, when sports shooting was classified as an Olympic discipline. At present, several factories are engaged in the production of these weapons. The technological development led to the reappearance of the PCP, markedly improved the spring or piston, and emerged the carbon dioxide rifles (whose acronym is CO2).
Types of rifles
There are various types of rifles in the market. Today we are going to talk about Spring.
Spring or piston
these weapons are characterized by the brittle canyon. They are relatively inexpensive, since the lack of an advanced loading system reduces manufacturing costs. Its accuracy is acceptable and using them in an adequate manner does not require immediate maintenance in general. They have some respect in the community of sports shooters, since they represent the “old school”, an almost rustic weapon that evokes something handmade in its construction and use.
These rifles, like most of the compressed air, are presented in caliber 4.5 mm, 5.5 mm and 6.35 mm. The output speed of the barrel, on average, will be around 220 m / s in 4.5 mm, 180 m / s in 5.5 mm and 140 m / s in 6.35 mm. This aspect will depend on the quality of the materials used by the manufacturer and, usually, will mark the price of the weapon. The operation of these models is through a piston, which when the gun is broken to load it, pushes a spring backwards and ready to shoot. Visit airriflelab.com for air rifle reviews.
When the trigger is activated, the spring is released, this pushes the piston forward, generating an important force of air that ends up firing the pellet through the barrel of the weapon, while the piston returns to its place for a new recharge. It is recommended to fire the weapon only if there is ammunition in the barrel, since use in a vacuum could severely damage the piston head, as it will collide violently against the chamber where the pellet should be lodged.
After years of use, these weapons may lose some power due to spring wear. Depending on the brand, the spare part is usually cheap and replacing it is a simple job for any gunsmith.